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Hepatopulmonary syndrome increases the postoperative mortality rate following liver transplantation: a prospective study in 90 patients

Beaussier, M
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Published in American journal of transplantation. 2006, vol. 6, no. 6, p. 1430-7
Abstract Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a frequent pulmonary complication of patients with end-stage liver diseases. HPS is diagnosed by hypoxemia and pulmonary vascular dilatation and is an independent risk factor of mortality. Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the only factor that modifies the natural course of HPS. Once patients with HPS have been transplanted, their long-term survival rate is similar to transplanted patients without HPS. Consequently, HPS is an indication of OLT whatever the severity of hypoxemia. However, besides the favorable long-term survival of HPS patients with OLT, a high postoperative mortality (mostly within 6 months) has been suggested. The aim of our study was to analyze the incidence of HPS and postoperative outcome after OLT in 90 consecutive patients. All patients were prospectively included and had blood gas analysis to detect HPS. Patients with hypoxemia had contrast echocardiography to confirm HPS. Nine patients had HPS with a 50 </= PaO(2)</= 70 mmHg. Among them 3 (33%) died while the mortality rate was 9.2% in the group without HPS (7 over 76 patients). In the HPS patients who survived, the syndrome completely recovered within 6 months. In conclusion, our study shows a high postoperative mortality rate following OLT even though the preoperative PaO(2) was >50 mmHg in all HPS patients transplanted.
Keywords AdultAgedBlood Gas AnalysisFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHepatopulmonary Syndrome/blood/mortality/surgery/ultrasonographyHumansLiver Transplantation/mortalityMaleMiddle AgedPatient SelectionProspective StudiesSurvival RateTime Factors
PMID: 16686767
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Article (Published version) (316 Kb) - public document Free access
Research groups Pharmacologie et imagerie du foie (664)
Chirurgie viscérale (104)
Chirurgie viscérale (HUG)
Hépatologie chirurgicale (327)
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SCHIFFER, Eduardo et al. Hepatopulmonary syndrome increases the postoperative mortality rate following liver transplantation: a prospective study in 90 patients. In: American Journal of Transplantation, 2006, vol. 6, n° 6, p. 1430-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2006.01334.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36995

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Deposited on : 2014-05-30

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