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Scientific article
English

Asymmetric Pd-NHC*-catalyzed coupling reactions

Published inChimica oggi, vol. 32, no. 2, p. 9-13
Publication date2014
Abstract

Very high asymmetric inductions result in the palladium catalyzed intramolecular arylation of amides to give 3,3-disubstituted oxindoles and 3-spiro-oxindoles when new in-situ generated chiral non-racemic N-heterocyclic carbenes are employed. Structural studies show that conformational locking to avoid allylic strain is the key for understanding the role of the different elements in these ligands. In another application of in situ-generated Pd-NHC* catalysts, asymmetric coupling reactions involving C(sp3)-H bonds are studied. Highly enantioenriched indolines are accessible via this route. Remarkably, although this homogeneously catalyzed reaction requires high temperature (140-160°C) excellent asymmetric recognition of an enantiotopic C-H bond in an unactivated methylene unit has been realized. Most recent discoveries are regiodivergent reactions with cases where a racemic mixture is transformed into two equal parts of two structurally different indoline products of very high enantiomeric purity. Finally, promising results of enantioselective Suzuki-Miyaura aryl-aryl coupling reactions were obtained using chiral PEPPSI catalysts incorporating the NHC* ligands.

Keywords
  • N-heterocyclic carbene
  • Palladium
  • Oxindole
  • Biaryl
  • C-H activation
  • Homogeneous catalysis
Citation (ISO format)
KUNDIG, Ernst Peter. Asymmetric Pd-NHC*-catalyzed coupling reactions. In: Chimica oggi, 2014, vol. 32, n° 2, p. 9–13.
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
  • PID : unige:36556
ISSN of the journal0392-839X
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