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On the purity and indistinguishability of down-converted photons

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Published in Journal of Physics. B, Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. 2013, vol. 46, no. 5, p. 055501
Abstract Photons generated by spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC) are one of the most useful resources in quantum information science. Two of their most important characteristics are the purity and the indistinguishability, which determine just how useful they are as a resource. We show how these characteristics can both be accessed through Hong, Ou and Mandel type interferences using a single pair source. We also provide simple and intuitive analytical formulas to extract their values from the depth of the resulting interference patterns. The validity of these expressions is demonstrated by a comparison with experimental results and numerical simulations. These results provide an essential tool for both engineering SPDC sources and characterizing the quantum states that they emit, which will play an increasingly important role in developing complex quantum photonic experiments.
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OSORIO TAMAYO, Clara, SANGOUARD, Nicolas Bruno, THEW, Robert Thomas. On the purity and indistinguishability of down-converted photons. In: Journal of Physics. B, Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2013, vol. 46, n° 5, p. 055501. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36554

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Deposited on : 2014-05-13

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