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Scientific article
Open access
English

MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths

Published inOptics express, vol. 20, no. 21, 23846
Publication date2012
Abstract

We report on the realization of a synchronous source of heralded single photons at telecom wavelengths with MHz heralding rates and high heralding efficiency. This source is based on the generation of photon pairs at 810 and 1550 nm via Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion (SPDC) in a 1 cm periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal pumped by a 532 nm pulsed laser. As high rates are fundamental for multi-photon experiments, we show that single telecom photons can be announced at 4.4 MHz rate with 45% heralding efficiency. When we focus only on the optimization of the coupling of the heralded photon, the heralding efficiency can be increased up to 80%. Furthermore, we experimentally observe that group velocity mismatch inside long crystals pumped in a pulsed mode affects the spectrum of the emitted photons and their fibre coupling efficiency. The length of the crystal in this source has been chosen as a trade off between high brightness and high coupling efficiency.

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Citation (ISO format)
POMARICO, Enrico et al. MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths. In: Optics express, 2012, vol. 20, n° 21, p. 23846. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.023846
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ISSN of the journal1094-4087
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