Scientific article
Open access

Device-dependent and device-independent quantum key distribution without a shared reference frame

Published inNew journal of physics, vol. 16, no. 4, 043002
Publication date2013

Standard quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols typically assume that the distant parties share a common reference frame. In practice, however, establishing and maintaining a good alignment between distant observers is rarely a trivial issue, which may significantly restrain the implementation of long-distance quantum communication protocols. Here we propose simple QKD protocols that do not require the parties to share any reference frame, and study their security and feasibility in both the usual device-dependent (DD) case—in which the two parties use well characterized measurement devices—as well as in the device-independent (DI) case—in which the measurement devices can be untrusted, and the security relies on the violation of a Bell inequality. To illustrate the practical relevance of these ideas, we present a proof-of-principle demonstration of our protocols using polarization entangled photons distributed over a coiled 10-km long optical fiber. We consider two situations, in which either the fiber spool's polarization transformation freely drifts, or randomly chosen polarization transformations are applied. The correlations obtained from measurements allow, with high probability, to generate positive asymptotic secret key rates in both the DD and DI scenarios (under the fair-sampling assumption for the latter case).

Citation (ISO format)
SLATER, Joshua A. et al. Device-dependent and device-independent quantum key distribution without a shared reference frame. In: New journal of physics, 2013, vol. 16, n° 4, p. 043002. doi: 10.1088/1367-2630/16/4/043002
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1367-2630

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