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Effect of high-fat diet on the expression of proteins in muscle, adipose tissues, and liver of C57BL/6 mice

Sennitt, Matthew V.
Leung, Kit-Yi
Byers, Helen
Ward, Malcolm
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Published in Proteomics. 2004, vol. 4, no. 8, p. 2270-82
Abstract In the present study, the effect of a high fat diet on the expression of proteins in insulin target tissues was analyzed using a proteomic approach. Gastrocnemius muscle, white and brown adipose tissue, and liver were taken from C57BL/6 mice either fed on a high-fat or a chow diet. Expression levels of approximately 10 000 polypeptides for all the four tissues were assessed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Computer-assisted image analysis allowed the detection of 50 significantly (p < 0.05) differentially expressed proteins between obese and lean mice. Interestingly, more than half of these proteins were detected in the brown adipose tissue. The differentially expressed proteins were identified by tandem mass spectrometry. Several stress and redox proteins were modulated in response to the high-fat diet. A key glycolytic enzyme was found to be downregulated in adipose tissues and muscle, suggesting that at elevated plasma fatty acid concentrations, fatty acids compete with glucose as an oxidative fuel source. Furthermore, in brown adipose tissue there were significant changes in mitochondrial enzymes involved in the Krebs tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and in the respiratory chain in response to the high-fat diet. The brown adipose tissue is an energy-dissipating tissue. Our data suggest that the high-fat diet treated mice were increasing energy expenditure to defend against weight gain.
Keywords Adipose Tissue/metabolismAnimalsBiological MarkersDietary Fats/metabolismElectrophoresis, Gel, Two-DimensionalGlucose Tolerance TestHumansInsulin Resistance/physiologyLiver/metabolismMass SpectrometryMiceMice, Inbred C57BLModels, BiologicalMuscle, Skeletal/metabolismObesity/metabolism
PMID: 15274121
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Research group Groupe de Protéomique biomédicale (635)
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SCHMID, Gerhard Markus et al. Effect of high-fat diet on the expression of proteins in muscle, adipose tissues, and liver of C57BL/6 mice. In: Proteomics, 2004, vol. 4, n° 8, p. 2270-82. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200300810 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36212

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Deposited on : 2014-04-30

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