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Scientific article
Open access
English

Fluvastatin inhibits regulated secretion of endothelial cell von Willebrand factor in response to diverse secretagogues

Published inBiochemical journal, vol. 405, no. 3, p. 597-604
Publication date2007
Abstract

Regulated secretion of EC (endothelial cell) vWF (von Willebrand factor) is part of the haemostatic response. It occurs in response to secretagogues that raise intracellular calcium or cAMP. Statins are cholesterol-lowering drugs used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. We studied the effect of fluvastatin on regulated secretion of vWF from HUVEC (human umbilical-vein ECs). Secretion in response to thrombin, a protease-activated receptor-1 agonist peptide, histamine, forskolin and adrenaline (epinephrine) was inhibited. This inhibition was reversed by mevalonate or geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, and mimicked by a geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitor, demonstrating that the inhibitory mechanism includes inhibition of protein geranylgeranylation. To investigate this mechanism further, calcium handling and NO (nitric oxide) regulation were studied in fluvastatin-treated HUVEC. Intracellular calcium mobilization did not correlate with vWF secretion. Fluvastatin increased eNOS [endothelial NOS (NO synthase)] expression, but NOS inhibitors failed to reverse the effect of fluvastatin on vWF secretion. Exogenous NO did not inhibit thrombin-induced vWF secretion. Many small GTPases are geranylgeranylated and some are activated by secretagogues. We overexpressed DN (dominant negative) Rho GTPases, RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42 (cell division cycle 42), in HUVEC. DNCdc42 conferred inhibition of thrombin- and forskolin-induced vWF secretion. We conclude that, via inhibition of protein geranylgeranylation, fluvastatin is a broadspectrum inhibitor of regulated vWF secretion. Geranylgeranylated small GTPases with functional roles in regulated secretion, such as Cdc42, are potential targets for the inhibitory activity of fluvastatin.

Keywords
  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelial Cells/drug effects/metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated/pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology
  • Indoles/pharmacology
  • Nitric Oxide/metabolism
  • Protein Prenylation
  • Von Willebrand Factor/secretion
Citation (ISO format)
FISH, Richard et al. Fluvastatin inhibits regulated secretion of endothelial cell von Willebrand factor in response to diverse secretagogues. In: Biochemical journal, 2007, vol. 405, n° 3, p. 597–604. doi: 10.1042/BJ20070404
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0264-6021
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