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Interacting Bose gases in quasi-one-dimensional optical lattices

Cazalilla, M. A.
Ho, A. F.
Published in New Journal of Physics. 2006, vol. 8, no. 8, p. 158-158
Abstract We study a two-dimensional (2D) array of coupled 1D tubes of interacting bosons. Such systems can be produced by loading ultracold atoms in anisotropic optical lattices. We investigate the effects of coupling the tubes via hopping of the bosons (i.e. Josephson coupling). In the absence of a periodic potential along the tubes, or when such potential is incommensurate with the boson density, the system undergoes a transition from an array of incoherent Tomonaga–Luttinger liquids at high temperature to an anisotropic Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC), at low temperature. We determine the transition temperature and long wavelength excitations of the BEC. In addition to the usual gapless (Goldstone) mode found in standard superfluids, we also find a gapped mode associated with fluctuations of the amplitude of the order parameter. When a commensurate periodic potential is applied along the tubes, they can become 1D Mott insulators. Intertube hopping leads to a deconfinement quantum phase transition between the 1D Mott insulators and the anisotropic BEC. We also take into account the finite size of the gas tubes as realized in actual experiments. We map out the phase diagram of the quasi-1D lattice and compare our results with the existing experiments on such systems.
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CAZALILLA, M. A., HO, A. F., GIAMARCHI, Thierry. Interacting Bose gases in quasi-one-dimensional optical lattices. In: New Journal of Physics, 2006, vol. 8, n° 8, p. 158-158. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36075

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Deposited on : 2014-04-28

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