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Excitations in two-component Bose gases

Kleine, A.
McCulloch, I. P.
Schollwöck, U.
Published in New Journal of Physics. 2008, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 045025
Abstract In this paper, we study a strongly correlated quantum system that has become amenable to experiment by the advent of ultracold bosonic atoms in optical lattices, a chain of two different bosonic constituents. Excitations in this system are first considered within the framework of bosonization and the Luttinger liquid theory which are applicable if the Luttinger liquid parameters are determined numerically. The occurrence of a bosonic counterpart of fermionic spin–charge separation is signalled by a characteristic two-peak structure in the spectral functions found by dynamical density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) in good agreement with analytical predictions. Experimentally, single-particle excitations as probed by spectral functions are currently not accessible in cold atoms. Therefore we consider the modifications needed for current experiments, namely the investigation of the real-time evolution of density perturbations instead of single-particle excitations, a slight inequivalence between the two intraspecies interactions in actual experiments, and the presence of a confining trap potential. Using time-dependent DMRG, we show that only quantitative modifications occur. With an eye to the simulation of strongly correlated quantum systems far from equilibrium, we detect a strong dependence of the time-evolution of entanglement entropy on the initial perturbation.
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KLEINE, A. et al. Excitations in two-component Bose gases. In: New Journal of Physics, 2008, vol. 10, n° 4, p. 045025. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36037

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Deposited on : 2014-04-28

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