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Strongly correlated bosons and fermions in optical lattices

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Published in Salomon, C. & Shlyapnikov, G. V. & Cugliandolo, L. F. Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012
Collection Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School; 94
Abstract This chapter gives an introduction to the physics of interacting quantum systems, both bosonic and fermionic. Section 1.2 introduces the physics of quantum particles in periodic lattices. Section 1.3 examines, for the case of bosons, how the combined effects of lattice and interaction can turn the system into an insulator, the so-called Mott insulator, and discusses the corresponding physics. Section 1.4 discusses what happens when the system is one-dimensional. Section 1.5 moves on to the case of fermions. It discusses first Fermi-liquid theory and the concept of quasi-particles, Landau’s description of the low-energy excitations of interacting fermion systems. Section 1.6 shows how, like the method for bosons, the combination of a lattice and strong interactions can turn a Fermi liquid into a Mott insulator. Section 1.7 looks at the properties of one-dimensional fermions, shows how Fermi liquid theory fails because low-energy excitations are now collective modes instead of quasi-particles, and examines the corresponding physics for both the conducting and insulating phases. Finally, Section 1.8 draws some conclusions and give some perspectives.
Keywords Quantum systemsQuantum particlesPeriodic latticesBosonsMott insulatorFermionsFermi liquidsQuasi-particlesLandau
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ISBN: 978-0-19-966188-6
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GEORGES, Antoine, GIAMARCHI, Thierry. Strongly correlated bosons and fermions in optical lattices. In: Salomon, C. & Shlyapnikov, G. V. & Cugliandolo, L. F. (Ed.). Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012. (Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School; 94) https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35899

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Deposited on : 2014-04-22

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