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Magnetoplasmon resonances in polycrystalline bismuth as seen via time-domain terahertz spectroscopy

Publication date2014
Abstract

We report the magnetic-field-dependent far-infrared reflectivity of polycrystalline bismuth. We observe four distinct absorptions that we attribute to magnetoplasmon resonances, which are collective modes of an electron-hole liquid in a magnetic field and become optical and acoustic resonances of the electron-hole system in the small-field limit. Acoustic mode are only when the masses of distinct components are very different, which is the case in bismuth. In a polycrystal, where the translational symmetry is broken, a big shift of spectral weight to an acoustic plasmon is possible. This enables us to detect an associated plasma edge. Although the polycrystal sample has grains of randomly distributed orientations, our reflectivity results can be explained by invoking only two, clearly distinct, series of resonances. In the limit of zero field, the optical modes of these two series converge onto plasma frequencies measured in a monocrystal along the main optical axes.

Citation (ISO format)
LEVALLOIS, Julien et al. Magnetoplasmon resonances in polycrystalline bismuth as seen via time-domain terahertz spectroscopy. In: Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics, 2014, vol. 89, n° 15, p. 155123. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.155123
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ISSN of the journal1098-0121
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