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Gravitational waves from electroweak phase transitions

Apreda, Riccardo
Nicolis, Alberto
Published in Nuclear Physics. B. 2002, vol. 631, no. 1-2, p. 342-368
Abstract Gravitational waves are generated during first-order phase transitions, either by turbulence or by bubble collisions. If the transition takes place at temperatures of the order of the electroweak scale, the frequency of these gravitational waves is today just within the band of the planned space interferometer LISA. We present a detailed analysis of the production of gravitational waves during an electroweak phase transition in different supersymmetric models where, contrary to the case of the Standard Model, the transition can be first order. We find that the stochastic background of gravitational waves generated by bubble nucleation can reach a maximum value View the MathML source of order (10−10–10−11), which is within the reach of the planned sensitivity of LISA, while turbulence can even produce signals at the level View the MathML source. These values of View the MathML source are obtained in the regions of the parameter space which can account for the generation of the baryon asymmetry at the electroweak scale.
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APREDA, Riccardo et al. Gravitational waves from electroweak phase transitions. In: Nuclear Physics. B, 2002, vol. 631, n° 1-2, p. 342-368. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35704

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Deposited on : 2014-04-15

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