Scientific article
Open access

Acute von Willebrand factor secretion from the endothelium in vivo: assessment through plasma propeptide (vWf:AgII) Levels

Published inThrombosis and haemostasis, vol. 77, no. 2, p. 387-393
Publication date1997

Elevated plasma concentrations of von Willebrand factor (vWf) are increasingly recognized as a cardiovascular risk factor, and are used as a marker of endothelial activation. However, the factors which determine the rate of vWf release from the endothelium in vivo have not been defined clearly. In addition, vWf plasma levels may also be influenced by adhesion of vWf to the vascular wall or to platelets, and by its rate of degradation. The propeptide of vWf (also called vWf:AgII) is stored and released in equimolar amounts with vWf. In the present study we attempted to determine whether this propeptide could be a more reliable marker of endothelial secretion than vWf itself. To accomplish this we developed an ELISA based on monoclonal antibodies. The propeptide levels in normal plasma were found to be 0.7 microgram/ml, more than 10 times lower than vWf itself. Administration of desmopressin (DDAVP) induced a rapid relative increase in propeptide (from 106 to 879%) and in vWf (from 112 to 272%). However, the increases in vWf and propeptide were equivalent when expressed in molar units. A time course study indicated a half-life of the propeptide of 3 h or less. In a baboon model of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) induced by FXa, vWf increased by less than 100%, whereas the propeptide concentrations increased by up to 450%. In view of the massive thrombin generation (as assessed by fibrinogen depletion), the increases in vWf are small, compared to the strong secretory response to thrombin and fibrin previously observed in vitro. Our results suggest that due to its rapid turnover, the propeptide could provide a sensitive plasma marker of acute endothelial secretion.

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology
  • Antigens/analysis/immunology
  • Biological Markers
  • Deamino Arginine Vasopressin/pharmacology
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/blood/chemically induced
  • Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects/secretion
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Exocytosis/drug effects
  • Factor Xa/toxicity
  • Female
  • Fibrin/pharmacology
  • Fibrinogen/analysis
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Papio
  • Phospholipids/toxicity
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Thrombin/pharmacology
  • Von Willebrand Factor/biosynthesis/secretion
Citation (ISO format)
VISCHER, Ulrich Max et al. Acute von Willebrand factor secretion from the endothelium in vivo: assessment through plasma propeptide (vWf:AgII) Levels. In: Thrombosis and haemostasis, 1997, vol. 77, n° 2, p. 387–393.
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0340-6245

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