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Gas-Phase Separation of Drugs and Metabolites Using Modifier-Assisted Differential Ion Mobility Spectrometry Hyphenated to Liquid Extraction Surface Analysis and Mass Spectrometry

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Published in Analytical Chemistry. 2013, vol. 85, no. 24, p. 11771-11779
Abstract The present work describes an alternative generic approach to LC–MS for the analysis of drugs of abuse as well as their metabolites in post-mortem tissue samples. The platform integrates liquid extraction surface analysis (LESA) for analytes tissue extraction followed by differential ion mobility spectrometry (DMS) mass spectrometry for analytes gas phase separation. Detection is performed on a triple quadrupole linear ion trap using the selected reaction monitoring mode for quantification as well as product ion scan mode for structural confirmatory analyses. The major advantages of the platform are that neither chromatographic separation nor extensive sample preparation are required. In DMS the combination of a high separation voltage (i.e., up to 4 kV) together with organic modifiers (e.g., alcohols, acetonitrile, acetone) added in the drift gas is required to achieve the separation of isomeric metabolites, such as the ones of cocaine and tramadol. DMS also separates morphine from its glucuronide metabolites, which allows for preventing the overestimation of morphine in case of fragmentation of the glucuronides in the atmospheric-to-vacuum interface of the mass spectrometer. Cocaine, opiates, opioids, amphetamines, benzodiazepines and several of their metabolites could be identified in post-mortem human kidney and muscle tissue based on simultaneous screening and confirmatory analysis in data-dependent acquisition mode using an analyte-dependent compensation voltage to selectively transmit ions through the DMS cell to the mass analyzer. Quantitative performance of the LESA-DMS-MS platform was evaluated for cocaine and two of its metabolites spotted onto a tissue section using deuterated internal standard. Analyte’s responses were linear from 2 to 1000 pg on tissue corresponding to a limit of detection in the order of nanograms of analyte per gram of tissue. Accuracy and precision based on QC sample was found to be less than 10%. Replicate analyses of cocaine and its metabolites in forensic samples showed an intra- and inter-sections variability of less than 25%.
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Other version: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac4020353
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Research group Spectrométrie de masse du vivant
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PORTA, Tiffany, VARESIO, Emmanuel, HOPFGARTNER, Gerard. Gas-Phase Separation of Drugs and Metabolites Using Modifier-Assisted Differential Ion Mobility Spectrometry Hyphenated to Liquid Extraction Surface Analysis and Mass Spectrometry. In: Analytical Chemistry, 2013, vol. 85, n° 24, p. 11771-11779. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35551

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Deposited on : 2014-04-09

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