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Scientific article
English

Reduced brain cortical folding in schizophrenia revealed in two independent samples

Published inSchizophrenia research, vol. 152, no. 2-3, p. 333-338
Publication date2014
Abstract

The cerebral cortex is highly convoluted, and principal folding patterns are determined early in life. Degree of cortical folding in adult life may index aberrations in brain development. Results from previous studies of cortical folding in schizophrenia are inconsistent. Here we investigated cortical folding patterns in the hitherto largest sample of patients with schizophrenia drawn from two independent cohorts. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired from 207 patients and 206 healthy subjects recruited to two separate research projects in Sweden and Norway. Local gyrification index (lGI) was estimated continuously across the cortex using automated methods. Group differences in lGI were analyzed using general linear models. Patients had lower lGI in three large clusters of the cortex with peak differences found in the left precentral gyrus, right middle temporal gyrus, and right precuneus. Similar, although not completely overlapping results were found when the two cohorts were analyzed separately. There were no significant interaction effects between age and diagnosis and gender and diagnosis. The finding of reduced degree of folding in large regions of the cerebral cortex across two independent samples indicates that reduced gyrification is an inherent feature of the brain pathology in schizophrenia.

Citation (ISO format)
NESVÅG, Ragnar et al. Reduced brain cortical folding in schizophrenia revealed in two independent samples. In: Schizophrenia research, 2014, vol. 152, n° 2-3, p. 333–338. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2013.11.032
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ISSN of the journal0920-9964
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