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Biochemical quantification of total brain glycogen concentration in rats under different glycemic states

Koski, Dee M
Kraftsik, Rudolf
Henry, Pierre-Gilles
Published in Neurochemistry International. 2006, vol. 48, no. 6-7, p. 616-22
Abstract All (13)C NMR studies of brain glycogen to date relied on observing the incorporation of (13)C label into glycogen, and thus interpretation was potentially affected by changes in (13)C label turnover rates. The goal of this study was to quantify total brain glycogen concentration under conditions of hypoglycemia or normoglycemia using biochemical methods. Rats were sacrificed using a focused microwave fixation device. The results showed that metabolism of brain glycogen was Glc- and insulin-sensitive and that insulin-induced hypoglycemia promoted a gradual glycogenolysis. Moreover, we show that there are very mild effects of isoflurane and alpha-chloralose anesthesia on brain glycogen concentration. Altogether these results show that total brain glycogen serves as a substantial source of glucosyl units during insulin-induced moderate hypoglycemia and therefore may be neuroprotective. Finally we also conclude that previous interpretation of (13)C NMR spectroscopy data accurately reflected the changes in total brain glycogen content.
Keywords AnimalsBlood Glucose/metabolismBrain/metabolismGlycogen/metabolismHypoglycemia/metabolismInsulin/metabolismMagnetic Resonance SpectroscopyMaleRatsRats, Sprague-Dawley
PMID: 16522343
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Research group CIBM (863)
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MORGENTHALER, Florence et al. Biochemical quantification of total brain glycogen concentration in rats under different glycemic states. In: Neurochemistry International, 2006, vol. 48, n° 6-7, p. 616-22. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2005.12.034 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:32910

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Deposited on : 2014-01-08

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