Scientific article

Simultaneous intracranial EEG-fMRI in humans: protocol considerations and data quality

Published inNeuroImage, vol. 63, no. 1, p. 301-309
Publication date2012

We have recently performed simultaneous intracranial EEG and fMRI recordings (icEEG-fMRI) in patients with epilepsy. In this technical note, we examine limited thermometric data for potential electrode heating during our protocol and found that heating was ≤0.1 °C in-vitro at least 10 fold less than in-vivo limits. We quantify EEG quality, which can be degraded by MRI scanner-induced artefacts, and fMRI image (gradient echo echo-planar imaging: GE-EPI) signal quality around the electrodes, which can be degraded by electrode interactions with B1 (radiofrequency) and B0 (static) magnetic fields. We recorded EEG outside and within the MRI scanner with and without scanning. EEG quality was largely preserved during scanning and in particular heartbeat-related artefacts were small compared to epileptic events. To assess the GE-EPI signal reduction around the electrodes, we compared image signal intensity along paths into the brain normal to its surface originating from the individual platinum-iridium electrode contacts. GE-EPI images were obtained at 1.5 T with an echo time (TE) of 40 ms and repetition time (TR) of 3000 ms and a slice thickness of 2.5 mm. We found that GE-EPI signal intensity reduction was confined to a 10 mm radius and that it was reduced on average by less than 50% at 5mm from the electrode contacts. The GE-EPI image signal reduction also varied with electrode orientation relative to the MRI scanner axes; in particular, cortical grid contacts with a normal along the scanner's main magnetic field (B(0)) axis have higher artefact levels relative to those with a normal perpendicular to the z-axis. This suggests that the artefacts were predominantly susceptibility-related rather than due to B1 interactions. This information can be used to guide interpretation of results of icEEG-fMRI experiments proximal to the electrodes, and to optimise artefact reduction strategies.

  • Algorithms
  • Artifacts
  • Brain/physiology
  • Brain Mapping/instrumentation/methods
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • Electroencephalography/instrumentation/methods
  • Great Britain
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement/methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation/methods
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
Citation (ISO format)
CARMICHAEL, D W et al. Simultaneous intracranial EEG-fMRI in humans: protocol considerations and data quality. In: NeuroImage, 2012, vol. 63, n° 1, p. 301–309. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.05.056
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1053-8119

Technical informations

Creation01/03/2014 9:53:00 AM
First validation01/03/2014 9:53:00 AM
Update time03/14/2023 8:48:05 PM
Status update03/14/2023 8:48:04 PM
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