UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:32838  next document
add to browser collection
Title

Frequency and magnitude of volcanic eruptions controlled by magma injection and buoyancy

Authors
Blundy, Jon
Pinel, Virginie
Published in Nature Geoscience. 2014, vol. 7, p. 126-130
Abstract Super-eruptions are extremely rare events. Indeed, the global frequency of explosive volcanic eruptions is inversely propor- tional to the volume of magma released in a single event1,2. The rate of magma supply, mechanical properties of the crust and magma, and tectonic regime are known to play a role in controlling eruption frequency and magnitude3–7, but their relative contributions have not been quantified. Here we use a thermomechanical numerical model of magma injection into Earth’s crust and Monte Carlo simulations to explore the fac- tors controlling the recurrence rates of eruptions of different magnitudes. We find that the rate of magma supply to the upper crust controls the volume of a single eruption. The time interval between magma injections into the subvolcanic reser- voir, at a constant magma-supply rate, determines the duration of the magmatic activity that precedes eruptions. Our simu- lations reproduce the observed relationship between eruption volume and magma chamber residence times and replicate the observed correlation between erupted volumes and caldera dimensions8,9. We also find that magma buoyancy is key to triggering super-eruptions, whereas pressurization associated with magma injection is responsible for relatively small and frequent eruptions. Our findings help improve our ability to decipher the long-term activity patterns of volcanic systems.
Keywords Frequency and magnitude of volcanic eruptionsLargest physically possible eruption on Earth
Identifiers
Full text
Article (Published version) (731 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Other version: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/ngeo2041
Structures
Research group Petrology and Volcanology
Citation
(ISO format)
CARICCHI, Luca et al. Frequency and magnitude of volcanic eruptions controlled by magma injection and buoyancy. In: Nature Geoscience, 2014, vol. 7, p. 126-130. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:32838

514 hits

7 downloads

Update

Deposited on : 2014-01-07

Export document
Format :
Citation style :