en
Scientific article
English

TiO2 nanoparticles aggregation and disaggregation in presence of alginate and Suwannee River humic acids. pH and concentration effects on nanoparticle stability

Published inWater research, vol. 47, no. 16, p. 6052-6063
Publication date2013
Abstract

The behavior of manufactured TiO2 nanoparticles is studied in a systematic way in presence of alginate and Suwannee River humic acids at variable concentrations. TiO2 nanoparticles aggregation, disaggregation and stabilization are investigated using dynamic light scattering and electrophoretic experiments allowing the measurement of z-average hydrodynamic diameters and zeta potential values. Stability of the TiO2 nanoparticles is discussed by considering three pH-dependent electrostatic scenarios. In the first scenario, when pH is below the TiO2 nanoparticle point of zero charge, nanoparticles exhibit a positively charged surface whereas alginate and Suwannee River humic acids are negatively charged. Fast adsorption at the TiO2 nanoparticles occurs, promotes surface charge neutralization and aggregation. By increasing further alginate and Suwannee River humic acids concentrations charge inversion and stabilization of TiO2 nanoparticles are obtained. In the second electrostatic scenario, at the surface charge neutralization pH, TiO2 nanoparticles are rapidly forming aggregates. Adsorption of alginate and Suwannee River humic acids on aggregates leads to their partial fragmentation. In the third electrostatic scenario, when nanoparticles, alginate and Suwannee River humic acids are negatively charged, only a small amount of Suwannee River humic acids is adsorbed on TiO2 nanoparticles surface. It is found that the fate and behavior of individual and aggregated TiO2 nanoparticles in presence of environmental compounds are mainly driven by the complex interplay between electrostatic attractive and repulsive interactions, steric and van der Waals interactions, as well as concentration ratio. Results also suggest that environmental aquatic concentration ranges of humic acids and biopolymers largely modify the stability of aggregated or dispersed TiO2 nanoparticles.

Keywords
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles
  • Alginate
  • Suwannee River humic acids
  • Nanoparticle stability
  • Aggregate fragmentation
  • Nanoparticles in aquatic systems
Citation (ISO format)
LOOSLI, Frédéric, LE COUSTUMER, Philippe, STOLL, Serge. TiO<sub>2</sub> nanoparticles aggregation and disaggregation in presence of alginate and Suwannee River humic acids. pH and concentration effects on nanoparticle stability. In: Water research, 2013, vol. 47, n° 16, p. 6052–6063. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.07.021
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0043-1354
777views
9downloads

Technical informations

Creation12/17/2013 6:05:00 PM
First validation12/17/2013 6:05:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 8:47:03 PM
Status update03/14/2023 8:47:03 PM
Last indexation05/02/2024 1:39:18 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack