Scientific article

Pi-Stacking Behavior of Selected Nitrogen-Containing PAHs

Published inThe journal of physical chemistry. A, vol. 108, no. 42, p. 9155-9160
Publication date2004

The packing preferences of dimers formed by nitrogen-containing planar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ((C30H15N)2 and (C36H15N)2) were studied by means of theoretical calculations. Potential energy curves corresponding to various relative motions of the monomers (vertical displacement, rotating, slipping, and combinations of them) were derived. It was found that the monomers in such π-stacked dimers are rather strongly held together (the interaction energy is about −9 kcal/mol) in an off-centered arrangement. It emerges as a general picture that the aligned structures are less stable than the ones where the nitrogen atoms, as the centers of the considered monomers, are not on top of each other but offset by 1.8−2.7 Å. Displacing the centers further results in a rapid reduction of the interaction energy. Within these relatively large relative motions (up to about 3 Å) of the monomers, however, no significant loss of stability of the dimers is noted. In the case of C30H15N, changing the orientation of the enantiotopic faces in the dimer formation leads to two nonequivalent minimum energy structures of similar energies but notably different geometries. The most stable structure of both dimers studied resembles that of two adjacent layers of graphite. We conclude, therefore, that the studied molecules could be considered as good building block candidates for the fabrication of columnar organic conductors.

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Citation (ISO format)
TRAN, Fabien et al. Pi-Stacking Behavior of Selected Nitrogen-Containing PAHs. In: The journal of physical chemistry. A, 2004, vol. 108, n° 42, p. 9155–9160. doi: 10.1021/jp048713h
ISSN of the journal1089-5639

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