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Rheumatoid meningitis occurring during adalimumab and methotrexate treatment

Huys, Anne-Catherine M L
Published in Joint bone spine. 2012, vol. 79, no. 1, p. 90-2
Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis is well known for multiple extra-articular manifestations. Here, we present a case of chronic rheumatoid meningitis occurring during treatment with methotrexate and the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha antibody adalimumab. Nine and seven months, respectively, into the course of these two treatments, a 59-year-old Caucasian lady with mild, early, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis developed headaches and psychomotor retardation followed by seizures. The diagnosis was confirmed by a brain biopsy showing a necrotizing granulomatous meningitis. Withdrawal of both drugs and high dose corticosteroids led to marked improvement. The addition of the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab allowed discontinuation of the corticosteroids. This is the fifth published case describing the occurrence of rheumatoid meningitis during treatment with TNF blockers. TNF blockers and methotrexate thus do not appear to prevent this complication, and may even contribute to its development.
Keywords Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic useAntibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/therapeutic useAntirheumatic Agents/therapeutic useArthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis/drug therapyDrug Therapy, CombinationFemaleHumansMagnetic Resonance ImagingMeningitis/diagnosis/drug therapyMethotrexate/therapeutic useMiddle AgedPrednisone/therapeutic useTreatment Outcome
PMID: 21962388
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Research group Mécanisme de l'inflammation articulaire (44)
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HUYS, Anne-Catherine M L, GUERNE, Pierre-André, HORVATH, Judit. Rheumatoid meningitis occurring during adalimumab and methotrexate treatment. In: Joint bone spine, 2012, vol. 79, n° 1, p. 90-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jbspin.2011.07.008 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:32487

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Deposited on : 2013-12-18

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