Speed trends of major cycling races: does slower mean cleaner?
|Published in||International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010, vol. 31, no. 4, p. 261-4|
|Abstract||Since doping improves athletic performance, anti-doping policies should have the opposite effect. This analysis examined whether changes in the speed of major cycling races reflect recent anti-doping efforts. Average speeds of 5 (th) place finishers of the Tour de France, Giro d'Italia, and Vuelta a España cycling races were obtained for the period 1990-2009. Between 1990 and 2004, the average speed had been increasing by 0.16 km/h per year (p<0.001). In a downturn, since 2004, the average speed has decreased by 0.22 km/h per year (p=0.031). The slowing down of professional cycling races is compatible with the hypothesis that recent anti-doping efforts in professional cycling have curbed the use of performance-enhancing substances.|
|Keywords||Acceleration — Bicycling/ethics/physiology — Competitive Behavior — Doping in Sports/prevention & control — Humans — Linear Models — Male — Oxygen Consumption — Statistics as Topic — Task Performance and Analysis — Time Factors|
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|Research group||Epidémiologie clinique (115)|
|PERNEGER, Thomas. Speed trends of major cycling races: does slower mean cleaner?. In: International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2010, vol. 31, n° 4, p. 261-4. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1247593 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:32397|