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Title

Prevalence, Features and Risk Factors for Malaria Co-Infections amongst Visceral Leishmaniasis Patients from Amudat Hospital, Uganda

Authors
van den Bogaart, Erika
Berkhout, Marieke M. Z.
Adams, Emily R.
Mens, Pètra F.
Sentongo, Elizabeth
Mbulamberi, Dawson B.
Straetemans, Masja
Schallig, Henk D. F. H.
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Published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2012, vol. 6, no. 4, p. e1617
Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and malaria are two major parasitic diseases sharing a similar demographic and geographical distribution. In areas where both diseases are endemic, such as Sudan, Uganda, India and Bangladesh, co-infection cases have been reported, but features and risk factors associated with these co-morbidities remain poorly characterized. In the present study, routinely collected data of VL patients admitted to Amudat Hospital, Uganda, were used to investigate the magnitude of VL-malaria co-infections and identify possible risk factors. Nearly 20% of the patients included in this study were found to be co-infected with VL and malaria, indicating that this is a common condition among VL patients living in malaria endemic areas. Young age (≤9 years) was identified as an important risk factor for contracting the VL-malaria co-infection, while being anemic or carrying a skin infection appeared to negatively correlate with the co-morbidity. Co-infected patients presented with slightly more severe symptoms compared to mono-infected patients, but had a similar prognosis, possibly due to early diagnosis of malaria as a result of systematic testing. In conclusion, these results emphasize the importance of performing malaria screening amongst VL patients living in malaria-endemic areas and suggest that close monitoring of co-infected patients should be implemented.
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PMID: 22506087
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VAN DEN BOGAART, Erika et al. Prevalence, Features and Risk Factors for Malaria Co-Infections amongst Visceral Leishmaniasis Patients from Amudat Hospital, Uganda. In: PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2012, vol. 6, n° 4, p. e1617. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:31911

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Deposited on : 2013-12-09

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