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Scientific article
English

Understanding the long term effects of family policies on fertility: The diffusion of different family models in France and Germany

Published inDemographic research, vol. 22, p. 1057-1096
Publication date2010
Abstract

European countries in which mothers are encouraged to remain in the labour market have higher fertility levels. It is difficult, however, to link specific policies to fertility increases. We hypothesize that policy changes do not affect fertility decisions in the short term as long as external childcare is not seen as an acceptable option, although policy does have an impact upon childcare attitudes in the long term. Using a comparative qualitative approach, we find that attitudes towards childcare are strikingly different in France than in Western Germany, reflecting long-standing policy orientations. Attitudes act as an intermediate variable between access to childcare and its use in both countries, and are strongly homogenous within countries.

Funding
  • Autre - project ‘‘Fertility intentions and outcomes: The role of policies to close the gap'' supported by the European Commission, DG ‘‘Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities'' (Contract Number : VS/2006/0685)
  • Autre - Institut Emilie du Châtelet for a post doctoral fellowship in 2007-2008
Citation (ISO format)
SALLES, Anne, ROSSIER, Clementine, BRACHET, Sara. Understanding the long term effects of family policies on fertility: The diffusion of different family models in France and Germany. In: Demographic research, 2010, vol. 22, p. 1057–1096. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.34
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Article (Accepted version)
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ISSN of the journal1435-9871
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