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Title

Emotional voice areas: anatomic location, functional properties, and structural connections revealed by combined fMRI/DTI.

Authors
Bretscher, Johanes
Kreifelts, Benjamin
Wildgruber, Dirk
Published in Cerebral Cortex. 2012, vol. 22, no. 1, p. 191-200
Abstract We determined the location, functional response profile, and structural fiber connections of auditory areas with voice- and emotion-sensitive activity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging. Bilateral regions responding to emotional voices were consistently found in the superior temporal gyrus, posterolateral to the primary auditory cortex. Event-related fMRI showed stronger responses in these areas to voices-expressing anger, sadness, joy, and relief, relative to voices with neutral prosody. Their neural responses were primarily driven by prosodic arousal, irrespective of valence. Probabilistic fiber tracking revealed direct structural connections of these "emotional voice areas" (EVA) with ipsilateral medial geniculate body, which is the major input source of early auditory cortex, as well as with the ipsilateral inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and inferior parietal lobe (IPL). In addition, vocal emotions (compared with neutral prosody) increased the functional coupling of EVA with the ipsilateral IFG but not IPL. These results provide new insights into the neural architecture of the human voice processing system and support a crucial involvement of IFG in the recognition of vocal emotions, whereas IPL may subserve distinct auditory spatial functions, consistent with distinct anatomical substrates for the processing of "how" and "where" information within the auditory pathways.
Keywords Acoustic StimulationAdultAnalysis of VarianceArousalAuditory Pathways/blood supply/physiologyAuditory Perception/physiologyBrain/blood supply/physiologyBrain MappingDiffusion Tensor ImagingEmotions/physiologyFemaleHumansImage Processing, Computer-AssistedMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleNerve Fibers/physiologyOxygen/bloodVoice/physiologyYoung Adult
Identifiers
PMID: 21625012
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Structures
Research groups Affective sciences
Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
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ETHOFER, Thomas Stefan et al. Emotional voice areas: anatomic location, functional properties, and structural connections revealed by combined fMRI/DTI. In: Cerebral Cortex, 2012, vol. 22, n° 1, p. 191-200. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:31475

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Deposited on : 2013-11-28

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