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Scientific article
English

Bilateral and gender differences during single-legged vertical jump performance in healthy teenagers

Published inJournal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 452-457
Publication date2012
Abstract

The determination of physiologic lower limb functional imbalance among healthy teenagers is important to follow the rehabilitation progress and return to normal activity of injured subjects. We investigated the differences in vertical jump capacity between both legs in a group of healthy boys and girls, considering the performances in the dominant vs. non-dominant, and in the most vs. least efficient leg. Strength and power performances were compared in 117 boys and 106 girls aged 10-16 years during a single-leg vertical countermovement jump (SLVCJ) test. When leg dominance was defined subjectively by the participant, no difference was noted between the 2 legs. Statistically significant differences were recorded between the most and less efficient leg in strength and power performances for both genders. Girls had significantly greater peak strength than did age-matched boys, but boys showed significant increases in maximal power outputs compared with that shown by age-matched girls. When the results were analyzed according to the percentage of participants falling within certain bands of limb asymmetry, approximately 20-30% showed a difference of >15% between the 2 limbs without any relation to gender. Subjective expression of leg dominance cannot be used as a predictor of SLVCJ performance. Differences of <15% in SLVCJ performance between both legs should be considered as the physiological norm in this age group. A greater appreciation of the potential diagnostic value of the SLVCJ test may be obtained if the results are interpreted in terms of the percentage of subjects falling within certain bands of limb asymmetry. Gender-based differences in the SLVCJ test vary and depend upon whether the results are interpreted in terms of strength or power output.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality/physiology
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity/anatomy & histology/physiology
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Muscle Strength/physiology
  • Sex Factors
  • Task Performance and Analysis
Citation (ISO format)
CERONI, Dimitri et al. Bilateral and gender differences during single-legged vertical jump performance in healthy teenagers. In: Journal of strength and conditioning research, 2012, vol. 26, n° 2, p. 452–457. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822600c9
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ISSN of the journal1064-8011
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