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Homing and adhesion patterns determine the cellular composition of the bone marrow plasma cell niche

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Published in Journal of Immunology. 2012, vol. 188, no. 3, p. 1283-91
Abstract According to commonly held concepts, plasma cell (PC) longevity in bone marrow (BM) depends upon their access to survival niches. These are thought to exist in nursery cell types, which support PCs by secreting PC survival factors. To better define PC survival niches and their functioning, we adoptively transferred traceable Blimp-1-(GFP) PCs into recipient mice lacking a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), IL-6, or macrophage migration inhibitory factor. Transferred BMPCs were preferentially associated with Ly-6C(high) monocytes (normalized colocalization index: 9.84), eosinophils (4.29), and megakaryocytes (2.12). Although APRIL was essential for BMPC survival, PC recruitment into the proximity of nursery cells was unimpaired in APRIL-deficient mice, questioning the concept that the same factors account for attraction/retention of PCs as for their local survival. Rather, the order of colocalization with BMPCs (monocytes > eosinophils > megakaryocytes) reflected these cells' relative expression of CXCR4, VLA-4, and LFA-1, the homing and adhesion molecules that direct/retain PCs in the BM. This suggests a scenario wherein the cellular composition of the BMPC niche is defined by a common pattern of attraction/retention on CXCL12-abundant reticular docking cells. Thereby, PCs are directed to associate in a functional BM niche with hematopoietic CXCR4(+)VLA-4(+)LFA-1(+) nursery cells, which provide PC survival factors.
Keywords Adoptive TransferAnimalsBone Marrow CellsCell AdhesionCell CommunicationCell MovementCell SurvivalHematopoietic Stem CellsIntegrin alpha4beta1Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1MicePlasma Cells/cytology/transplantationReceptors, CXCR4Stem Cell Niche
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PMID: 22262758
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Research group Centre de Vaccinologie et d'Immunologie néonatale (177)
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BELNOUE, Elodie et al. Homing and adhesion patterns determine the cellular composition of the bone marrow plasma cell niche. In: Journal of Immunology, 2012, vol. 188, n° 3, p. 1283-91. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:31370

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Deposited on : 2013-11-27

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