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A liver enhancer in the fibrinogen gene cluster

Visel, Axel
Published in Blood. 2011, vol. 117, no. 1, p. 276-82
Abstract The plasma concentration of fibrinogen varies in the healthy human population between 1.5 and 3.5 g/L. Understanding the basis of this variability has clinical importance because elevated fibrinogen levels are associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. To identify novel regulatory elements involved in the control of fibrinogen expression, we used sequence conservation and in silico-predicted regulatory potential to select 14 conserved noncoding sequences (CNCs) within the conserved block of synteny containing the fibrinogen locus. The regulatory potential of each CNC was tested in vitro using a luciferase reporter gene assay in fibrinogen-expressing hepatoma cell lines (HuH7 and HepG2). 4 potential enhancers were tested for their ability to direct enhanced green fluorescent protein expression in zebrafish embryos. CNC12, a sequence equidistant from the human fibrinogen alpha and beta chain genes, activates strong liver enhanced green fluorescent protein expression in injected embryos and their transgenic progeny. A transgenic assay in embryonic day 14.5 mouse embryos confirmed the ability of CNC12 to activate transcription in the liver. While additional experiments are necessary to prove the role of CNC12 in the regulation of fibrinogen, our study reveals a novel regulatory element in the fibrinogen locus that is active in the liver and may contribute to variable fibrinogen expression in humans.
Keywords AnimalsAnimals, Genetically ModifiedCarcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics/metabolismCells, CulturedConserved SequenceEmbryo, Mammalian/cytology/metabolismEmbryo, Nonmammalian/cytology/metabolismEnhancer Elements, Genetic/geneticsFibrinogen/geneticsGreen Fluorescent Proteins/metabolismHumansIn Situ HybridizationKidney/cytology/metabolismLiver Neoplasms/genetics/metabolismMiceMultigene FamilyRegulatory Sequences, Nucleic AcidZebrafish/embryology/metabolism
PMID: 20921339
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Research group Recherche translationnelle : anomalies de l'hémostase et thromboses (504)
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FORT, Alexandre et al. A liver enhancer in the fibrinogen gene cluster. In: Blood, 2011, vol. 117, n° 1, p. 276-82. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-295410 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:30896

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Deposited on : 2013-11-04

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