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Pneumococcal vaccines for children: a global public health priority

Published in Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2012, vol. 18 Suppl 5, p. 25-36
Abstract Pneumococcal conjugated vaccines have been recommended in children for over a decade in many countries worldwide. Here we review the development of pneumococcal vaccines with a focus on the two types currently available for children and their safety record. We discuss also the effect of vaccines, including the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, on invasive pneumococcal diseases in children, particularly bacteraemia, pneumonia and meningitis, as well as on mucosal disease and carriage. In regions where immunization was implemented in young children, the number of invasive pneumococcal diseases decreased significantly, not only in the target age group, but also in younger and much older subjects. Challenges and future perspectives regarding the development of new 'universal' vaccines, which could bypass the current problem of serotype-specific protection in a context of serotype replacement, are also discussed.
Keywords Carrier State/epidemiology/prevention & controlChild, PreschoolHistory, 20th CenturyHistory, 21st CenturyHumansIncidenceInfantPneumococcal Infections/epidemiology/prevention & controlPneumococcal Vaccines/administration & dosage/history/immunologyPrevalenceVaccines, Conjugate/administration & dosage/history/immunology
PMID: 22862432
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Research group Recherche en infectiologie pédiatrique et en pédiatrie générale (853)
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PITTET, Laure, POSFAY BARBE, Klara. Pneumococcal vaccines for children: a global public health priority. In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2012, vol. 18 Suppl 5, p. 25-36. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03938.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:30604

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Deposited on : 2013-10-23

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