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Co-evolutionary dynamics of the bacteria Vibrio sp. CV1 and Phages V1G, V1P1, and V1P2: implications for Phage therapy

Authors
Barbosa, Camilo
Holguin, Angela V.
Vives, Martha J.
Published in Microbial Ecology. 2013, vol. 66, no. 4, p. 897-905
Abstract Bacterial infections are the second largest cause of mortality in shrimp hatcheries. Among them, bacteria from the genus Vibrio constitute a major threat. As the use of antibiotics may be ineffective and banned from the food sector, alternatives are required. Historically, phage therapy, which is the use of bacteriophages, is thought to be a promising option to fight against bacterial infections. However, as for antibiotics, resistance can be rapidly developed. Since the emergence of resistance is highly undesirable, a formal characterization of the dynamics of its acquisition is mandatory. Here, we explored the co-evolutionary dynamics of resistance between the bacteria Vibrio sp. CV1 and the phages V1G, V1P1, and V1P2. Singlephage treatments as well as a cocktail composed of the three phages were considered. We found that in the presence of a single phage, bacteria rapidly evolved resistance, and the phages decreased their infectivity, suggesting thatmonotherapy may be an inefficient treatment to fight against Vibrio infections in shrimp hatcheries. On the contrary, the use of a phage cocktail considerably delayed the evolution of resistance and sustained phage infectivity for periods in which shrimp larvae are most susceptible to bacterial infections, suggesting the simultaneous use of multiple phages as a serious strategy for the control of vibriosis. These findings are very promising in terms of their consequences to different industrial and medical scenarios where bacterial infections are present.
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Other version: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00248-013-0284-2
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BARBOSA, Camilo et al. Co-evolutionary dynamics of the bacteria Vibrio sp. CV1 and Phages V1G, V1P1, and V1P2: implications for Phage therapy. In: Microbial Ecology, 2013, vol. 66, n° 4, p. 897-905. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:30115

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Deposited on : 2013-10-03

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