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Title

T-cell-receptor repertoire in chronic plaque-stage psoriasis is restricted and lacks enrichment of superantigen-associated V beta regions

Authors
Dressel, Daniela
Manfras, B.
Zollner, Thomas Matthias
Wettstein, A.
Bohm, B. O.
Sterry, Wolfram
Published in Journal of Investigative Dermatology. 1995, vol. 104, no. 5, p. 725-728
Abstract Preferential usage of certain T-cell receptors by the lymphocytic infiltrate in psoriasis might indicate the involvement of an antigen in the pathogenesis of this disease. However, to date there are no data on the complete T-cell-receptor V alpha and V beta repertoire in psoriatic patients. We therefore compared the usage of T-cell-receptor variable regions in blood and skin of 10 patients with chronic plaque-stage psoriasis by means of semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction. Additionally, HLA class II alleles were analyzed by means of sequence-specific oligonucleotide typing. A considerable restriction of the T-cell-receptor repertoire was observed in the skin, where up to 20% of the variable regions present in the blood were not detectable. This was true for both alpha- and beta-chains. However, no interindividually constant pattern of T-cell-receptor restriction was deducible. Inconsistently, a certain preferential usage of some beta chains occurred within the cutaneous compartment. This report on the complete T-cell-receptor V alpha and V beta repertoire in psoriasis documents the restricted receptor repertoire of infiltrating T cells and a lack of enrichment of superantigen-associated V beta regions. Thus superantigens seem not to play a pathogenetically relevant role in chronic plaque-stage psoriasis.
Keywords Genetic HeterogeneityHLA-DQ Antigens/geneticsHLA-DQ alpha-ChainsHLA-DR Antigens/geneticsHLA-DRB1 ChainsHumansImmunoglobulin Variable Region/blood/*immunologyPolymerase Chain Reaction/methodsPsoriasis/blood/*metabolismReceptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/*immunologySkin/chemistrySuperantigens/*physiology
Identifiers
PMID: 7738347
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(ISO format)
BOEHNCKE, Wolf-Henning et al. T-cell-receptor repertoire in chronic plaque-stage psoriasis is restricted and lacks enrichment of superantigen-associated V beta regions. In: Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 1995, vol. 104, n° 5, p. 725-728. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:29869

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Deposited on : 2013-09-20

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