en
Scientific article
English

Positive patch test reactions to celecoxib may be due to irritation and do not correlate with the results of oral provocation

Published inContact dermatitis, vol. 47, no. 2, p. 100-102
Publication date2002
Abstract

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among those therapeutics most frequently causing pseudoallergic and sometimes allergic cutaneous adverse reactions. Coxibs preferentially inhibiting cyclooxygenase-2 are increasingly propagated as alternatives in NSAID-sensitive patients. We evaluated the tolerability of celecoxib in NSAID-sensitive patients. In 14 consecutive patients (6 males, 8 females, age 18-72 years), scratch and patch tests with homogenized Celebrex were performed, followed by single-blind, placebo-controlled oral provocation (maximal single dose: 200 mg; cumulative dose: 350 mg). 8 of the first 10 patients showed erythematous reactions to celecoxib on patch testing after 2 days with decrescendo kinetics between then and day 3. 9 patients with no history of NSAID intolerance showed similar reactions. When the patch tests were repeated with homogenized Celebrex at final concentrations of 5% and 10% in petrolatum, no reaction was observed in any patient. Subsequent oral provocation was tolerated without adverse effects by all individuals. We conclude that patch tests with high concentrations of celecoxib cause irritant reactions and do not correlate with the outcome of oral provocation tests. Therefore, these tests should be performed with lower concentrations of celecoxib (Celebrex). Celecoxib itself seems to be a valuable alternative drug in NSAID-sensitive patients.

Keywords
  • Administration, Oral
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/*adverse effects/pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Hypersensitivity/*diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patch Tests/*methods
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pyrazoles
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sulfonamides/*adverse effects/pharmacology
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
KLEINHANS, M. et al. Positive patch test reactions to celecoxib may be due to irritation and do not correlate with the results of oral provocation. In: Contact dermatitis, 2002, vol. 47, n° 2, p. 100–102. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0536.2002.470208.x
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accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0105-1873
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