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Scientific article
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Trace Element Partitioning in HP-LT Metamorphic Assemblages during Subduction-related Metamorphism, Ile de Groix, France: a Detailed LA-ICPMS Study

Published inJournal of petrology, vol. 50, no. 6, p. 1107-1148
Publication date2009
Abstract

Devolatilization reactions and subsequent transfer of fluid from subducted oceanic crust into the overlying mantle wedge are important processes, which are responsible for the specific geochemical characteristics of subduction-related metamorphic rocks, as well as those of arc magmatism. To better understand the geochemical fingerprint induced by fluid mobilization during dehydration and rehydration processes related to subduction zone metamorphism, the trace element and rare earth element (REE) distribution patterns in HP^LT metamorphic assemblages in eclogite-, blueschist- and greenschistfacies rocks of the Ile de Groix were obtained by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) analysis. This study focuses on 10 massive basic rocks representing former hydrothermally altered mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB), four banded basic rocks of volcano-sedimentary origin and one micaschist. The main hosts for incompatible trace elements are epidote (REE, Th, U, Pb, Sr), garnet [Y, heavy REE (HREE)], phengite (Cs, Rb, Ba, B), titanite [Ti, Nb,Ta, REE; HREE4LREE (light REE)], rutile (Ti, Nb,Ta) and apatite (REE, Sr).The trace element contents of omphacite, amphibole, albite and chlorite are low. The incompatible trace element contents of minerals are controlled by the stable metamorphic mineral assemblage and directly related to the appearance, disappearance and reappearance of minerals, especially epidote, garnet, titanite, rutile and phengite, during subduction zone metamorphism. Epidote is a key mineral in the trace element exchange process because of its large stability field, ranging from lower greenschist- to blueschist- and eclogite-facies conditions. Different generations of epidote are generally observed and related to the coexisting phases at different stages of the metamorphic cycle (e.g. lawsonite, garnet, titanite). Epidote thus controls most of the REE budget during the changing P^Tconditions along the prograde and retrograde path. Phengite also plays an important role in determining the large ion lithophile element (LILE) budget, as it is stable to high P^T conditions. The breakdown of phengite causes the release of LILE during retrogression. A comparison of trace element abundances in whole-rocks and minerals shows that the HP^ LT metamorphic rocks largely retain the geochemical characteristics of their basic, volcano-sedimentary and pelitic protoliths, including a hydrothermal alteration overprint before the subduction process. A large part of the incompatible trace elements remained trapped in the rocks and was recycled within the various metamorphic assemblages stable under changing metamorphic conditions during the subduction process, indicating that devolatilization reactions in massive basic rocks do not necessarily imply significant simultaneous trace element and REE release.

Keywords
  • Dehydration reactions
  • Epidote
  • Garnet
  • Ile de Groix
  • Incompatible trace elements
  • LA-ICPMS
  • Phengite
  • Subduction-related HP^LT metamorphism
Citation (ISO format)
EL KORH, Afifé et al. Trace Element Partitioning in HP-LT Metamorphic Assemblages during Subduction-related Metamorphism, Ile de Groix, France: a Detailed LA-ICPMS Study. In: Journal of petrology, 2009, vol. 50, n° 6, p. 1107–1148. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egp034
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ISSN of the journal0022-3530
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