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Title

The influence of encoding style on the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm: New insights on individual differences in false memory susceptibility ?

Authors
Dehon, Hedwige
Larøi, Frank
Published in Personality and Individual Differences. 2011, vol. 50, p. 583-587
Abstract Recent research has shown that there are individual differences in how preexisting (internal) schemata (versus cues from the outside world) affect encoding processes, which can be reliably assessed with the internal and external Encoding Style Questionnaire (ESQ, Lewicki, 2005). Since reliance on preexisting schemata at encoding has been found to increase the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm (Roediger & McDermott, 1995), while item-specific encoding has been shown to reduce it (see Gallo, 2006), it was examined whether individual differences in encoding style affects the production of such false memories. To this purpose, normal participants were asked to complete a French version of the ESQ questionnaire (Billieux et al., 2009) and were presented with a modified DRM procedure (Brédart, 2000) assessing false recall. The results showed a positive correlation between ESQ scores and false recall showing that internal encoders were more susceptible to false memories than external encoders.
Keywords Internal and external encodingEncoding styleFalse memoriesFalse recallIndividual differences
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Research group Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
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DEHON, Hedwige, LARØI, Frank, VAN DER LINDEN, Martial. The influence of encoding style on the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm: New insights on individual differences in false memory susceptibility ?. In: Personality and Individual Differences, 2011, vol. 50, p. 583-587. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:29551

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Deposited on : 2013-09-02

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