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Factorial structure and psychometric properties of the French adaptation of the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) in non-clinical participants

Larøi, Frank
Defeldre, A.-C.
Published in Revue européenne de psychologie appliquée. 2013, vol. 63, no. 4, p. 203-208
Abstract Introduction: The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) is a widely used instrument for assessing dissociation. However, there is disagreement regarding the internal structure of the DES and scores tend to be highly skewed. Objective: The present study was designed to test the psychometric properties of a French version of the DES in non-clinical participants, in addition to applying a response scale as recommended by Wright and Loftus (1999) in order to resolve the problem of skewed scores. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (computed in two independent samples) suggested a two-factor solution, which seem to represent two forms of dissociation (“automatic pilot” related dissociation episodes and “defensive” dissociation episodes). Results also revealed high internal consistency, and satisfactory results in terms of skewness and floor effects. Finally, significant associations with other measures (anxiety, depression, traumatic experiences) indicate good concurrent validity. Conclusions: This study offers evidence that the present version of the French adaptation of the DES reveals good psychometric properties. Analyses of the internal structure of the DES suggest that two types of dissociative experiences are being measured: automatic pilot-related dissociation episodes (e.g., associated with different types of cognitive failures) and defensive dissociation episodes that may act as defensive mechanisms, especially in persons who have been traumatized (e.g., the avoidance of a memory related to a traumatic event).
Keywords DissociationDissociative experiences scalePsychometric propertiesConfirmatory factor analysis
Full text
Research groups Affective sciences
Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
Unité de psychologie clinique des émotions et de traumatisme (@ET.Lab)
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LARØI, Frank et al. Factorial structure and psychometric properties of the French adaptation of the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) in non-clinical participants. In: Revue européenne de psychologie appliquée, 2013, vol. 63, n° 4, p. 203-208. doi: 10.1016/j.erap.2013.04.004 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:29532

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Deposited on : 2013-09-02

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