UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:29508  next document
add to browser collection
Title

Using the Daydreaming Frequency Scale to Investigate the Relationships between Mind-Wandering, Psychological Well-Being, and Present-Moment Awareness

Authors
Stawarczyk, David
Majerus, Steve
D'Argembeau, Arnaud
Published in Frontiers in Psychology. 2012, vol. 3
Abstract Recent findings have shown that mind-wandering - the occurrence of stimulus-independent and task-unrelated thoughts - is associated with negative affect and lower psychological well-being. However, it remains unclear whether this relationship is due to the occurrence of mind-wandering per se or to the fact that people who mind wander more tend to be generally less attentive to present-moment experience. In three studies, we first validate a French translation of a retrospective self-report questionnaire widely used to assess the general occurrence of mind-wandering in daily life - the Daydreaming Frequency Scale. Using this questionnaire, we then show that the relationship between mind-wandering frequency and psychological distress is fully accounted for by individual differences in dispositional mindful awareness and encoding style. These findings suggest that it may not be mind-wandering per se that is responsible for psychological distress, but rather the general tendency to be less aware and attentive to the present-moment. Thus, although mind-wandering and present-moment awareness are related constructs, they are not reducible to one another, and are distinguishable in terms of their relationship with psychological well-being.
Identifiers
PMID: 23055995
Full text
Article (Published version) (777 Kb) - public document Free access
Structures
Research group Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
Citation
(ISO format)
STAWARCZYK, David et al. Using the Daydreaming Frequency Scale to Investigate the Relationships between Mind-Wandering, Psychological Well-Being, and Present-Moment Awareness. In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2012, vol. 3. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:29508

341 hits

265 downloads

Update

Deposited on : 2013-08-30

Export document
Format :
Citation style :