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Attention Supports Verbal Short-Term Memory via Competition between Dorsal and Ventral Attention Networks

Majerus, Steve
Attout, Lucie
D'Argembeau, Arnaud
Degueldre, Christian
Fias, Wim
Maquet, Pierre
Martinez Perez, Trecy
Stawarczyk, David
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Published in Cerebral cortex. 2012, vol. 22, no. 5, p. 1086-1097
Abstract Interactions between the neural correlates of short-term memory (STM) and attention have been actively studied in the visual STM domain but much less in the verbal STM domain. Here we show that the same attention mechanisms that have been shown to shape the neural networks of visual STM also shape those of verbal STM. Based on previous research in visual STM, we contrasted the involvement of a dorsal attention network centered on the intraparietal sulcus supporting task-related attention and a ventral attention network centered on the temporoparietal junction supporting stimulus-related attention. We observed that, with increasing STM load, the dorsal attention network was activated while the ventral attention network was deactivated, especially during early maintenance. Importantly, activation in the ventral attention network increased in response to task-irrelevant stimuli briefly presented during the maintenance phase of the STM trials but only during low-load STM conditions, which were associated with the lowest levels of activity in the dorsal attention network during encoding and early maintenance. By demonstrating a trade-off between task-related and stimulus-related attention networks during verbal STM, this study highlights the dynamics of attentional processes involved in verbal STM.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAttention/physiologyBrain/physiologyBrain MappingFemaleHumansImage Interpretation, Computer-AssistedMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleMemory, Short-TermNeural Pathways/physiologyVerbal Behavior/physiologyYoung Adult
PMID: 21765184
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Article (Published version) (755 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Research groups Affective sciences
Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
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MAJERUS, Steve et al. Attention Supports Verbal Short-Term Memory via Competition between Dorsal and Ventral Attention Networks. In: Cerebral cortex, 2012, vol. 22, n° 5, p. 1086-1097. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhr174 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:29502

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Deposited on : 2013-08-30

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