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The Mere Exposure Effect and Recognition Depend on the Way You Look!

Willems, Sylvie
Dedonder, Jonathan
Published in Experimental Psychology. 2010, vol. 57, no. 3, p. 185-192
Abstract In line with Whittlesea and Price (2001), we investigated whether the memory effect measured with an implicit memory paradigm (mere exposure effect) and an explicit recognition task depended on perceptual processing strategies, regardless of whether the task required intentional retrieval. We found that manipulation intended to prompt functional implicit-explicit dissociation no longer had a differential effect when we induced similar perceptual strategies in both tasks. Indeed, the results showed that prompting a nonanalytic strategy ensured performance above chance on both tasks. Conversely, inducing an analytic strategy drastically decreased both explicit and implicit performance. Furthermore, we noted that the nonanalytic strategy involved less extensive gaze scanning than the analytic strategy and that memory effects under this processing strategy were largely independent of gaze movement.
Keywords Analysis of VarianceAttention/physiologyChoice Behavior/physiologyEye MovementsFemaleHumansJudgment/physiologyMaleOrientation/physiologyPattern Recognition, Visual/physiologyPhotic StimulationReaction Time/physiologyRecognition (Psychology)/physiologyRetention (Psychology)/physiology
PMID: 20178929
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Research groups Affective sciences
Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
(ISO format)
WILLEMS, Sylvie, DEDONDER, Jonathan, VAN DER LINDEN, Martial. The Mere Exposure Effect and Recognition Depend on the Way You Look!. In: Experimental Psychology, 2010, vol. 57, n° 3, p. 185-192. doi: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000023 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:29418

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Deposited on : 2013-08-23

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