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Title

A review of age constraints of epithermal precious and base metal deposits of the Tertiary Eastern Rhodopes : coincidence with Late Eocene-Early Oligocene tectonic plate reorganization along the Tethys

Authors
Marchev, P.
Voudouris, P.
Bonev, N.
Cosca, M.
Published in Christofides, G., Kantiradis, N., Kostopoulos, D.S., & Chatziperos. A.A. Proceedings of the XIX Congress of the Carpathian Balkan Geological Association. Thessalonique (Grèce) - 23-26 septembre 2010 - . 2010, p. 351-358
Collection Special volume; 100
Abstract The Tertiary Eastern Rhodopes are a major ore province within the Tethyan metallogenic belt. 40Ar/39Ar age data obtained in the past ten years are overviewed and discussed. It allows us to address some of the open questions and shed some new light on the sequence of ore-forming, magmatic and tectonic processes throughout the Eastern Rhodopes. Small to moderately sized ore deposits and prospects in the Rhodope Massif are hosted by high-grade metamorphic, continental sedimentary and igneous rocks. Sedimentary rock-hosted gold epithermal prospects are the earliest hydrothermal systems, hosted by Maastrichtian-Paleocene clastic rocks. Their 40Ar/39Ar ages vary between 37.55 ± 0.44 Ma and 34.71 ± 0.16 Ma, with the waning hydrothermal activity overlapping with the start of the oldest volcanism in the Eastern Rhodopes yielding 40Ar/39Ar ages ranging between 34.62 ± 0.46 Ma and 32.97 ± 0.23 Ma. Within a very short time between 32.13 ± 0.20 and 31.2 ± 0.4, Pb-Zn-dominated and Cu-Au-dominated epithermal prospects, respectively in the northern and the southern parts, were formed, and coincide with rhyolitic dikes emplaced at about 31.5 Ma. The Late Eocene-Early Oligocene post-orogenic magmatic and ore-forming evolution of the Eastern Rhodopes coincides with the time of collision at about 30-35 Ma of the African and Eurasian plates in the Caucasus and the Rif-Betic belts, when a dominantly subduction-dominated tectonic regime changed to a collision-dominated system, and the northward motion of the African plate slowed down, accompanied by an increasing southward slab retreat velocity in the Aegean Sea.
Keywords epithermal, Cu-Au and Pb-Zn deposits, 40Ar/39Ar dating, Tertiary, Eastern Rhodopes
Full text
Structures
Research groups Isotope Geochemistry, Geochronology and Thermochronology
Mineral Resources and Geofluids
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(ISO format)
MORITZ, Robert et al. A review of age constraints of epithermal precious and base metal deposits of the Tertiary Eastern Rhodopes : coincidence with Late Eocene-Early Oligocene tectonic plate reorganization along the Tethys. In: Christofides, G., Kantiradis, N., Kostopoulos, D.S., & Chatziperos. A.A. (Ed.). Proceedings of the XIX Congress of the Carpathian Balkan Geological Association. Thessalonique (Grèce). [s.l.] : [s.n.], 2010. p. 351-358. (Special volume; 100) https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:28919

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