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Title

Enantioselective hydrogenation of α-ketoesters over Pt/alumina modified with cinchonidine : theoretical investigation of the substrate-modifier interaction

Authors
Minder, Bruno
Baiker, Alfons
Published in Catalysis Letters. 1994, vol. 23, no. 3-4, p. 271-279
Abstract Enantio-differentiation in the asymmetric hydrogenation of α-ketoesters to α-hydroxyesters over platinum catalysts modified with cinchona-alkaloid modifiers occurs through interaction of the ketoester with the cinchona modifier. The structure of the probable transition complex has been calculated for the system methyl pyruvate (substrate) cinchonidine (modifier) using molecular mechanics and quantum chemistry techniques at both ab initio and semiempirical levels. The calculations suggest that protonated cinchonidine is energetically more likely to interact with the substrate and that the crucial interaction occurs via hydrogen bonding of the quinuclidine nitrogen and the oxygen of the α-carbonyl moiety of methyl pyruvate. In this complex the methyl pyruvate is transformed into a half-hydrogenated species which is adsorbed on the platinum surface and on hydrogenation yields the product methyll actate. Theoretical studies indicate that adsorption of the complex leading to (R) -methyl lactate is energetically more favourable than that of the corresponding complex which yields (S) -methyl lactate, which may be the key for the enantio-differentiation.
Keywords Enantioselective hydrogenationα-ketoestersα-hydroxyestersCinchonidineModifierPt/aluminaMolecular modelling
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Research group Groupe Weber
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SCHWALM, Olivier et al. Enantioselective hydrogenation of α-ketoesters over Pt/alumina modified with cinchonidine : theoretical investigation of the substrate-modifier interaction. In: Catalysis Letters, 1994, vol. 23, n° 3-4, p. 271-279. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2887

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Deposited on : 2009-09-21

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