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U-Pb geochronology of the Southern Black Forest Batholith (Central Variscan Belt): timing of exhumation and granite emplacement

Published in International Journal of Earth Sciences. 2000, vol. 88, no. 4, p. 814-828
Abstract Some granites, granitoid dykes and volcanic rocks of the Southern Black Forest were dated by U-Pb techniques using zircon and monazite. An effusive rhyolite, which is interbedded in upper Visean sedimentary sequences of the Badenweiler-Lenzkirch zone, was dated at 340 ±2 Ma. This weakly metamorphic zone of supracrustal rocks borders high-grade gneiss terrains in the north and the south, which are intruded by a series of granitoid intrusions: the strongly sheared Schlächtenhaus granite is dated by monazite at 334±2 Ma and the hypothesis of a Devonian emplacement is therefore discarded. The emplacement of all other granites, crosscutting dykes and of an ignimbrite were all within analytical uncertainty: St. Blasien granite 333±2 Ma; Bärhalde granite 332±3 Ma; Albtal granite 334±3 Ma; and a porphyry dyke at Präg 332+2/-4 Ma. Deformation and thrusting of the basement units near the Badenweiler-Lenzkirch zone occurred after the emplacement of the Schlächtenhaus granite, but before the intrusion of the other granitoids, and may therefore be constrained to the time period unresolved between 334±2 and 333±2 Ma. The ignimbritic rhyolite of Scharfenstein was deposited in a caldera 333±3 Ma ago. This age coincides within error limits with published U-Pb monazite and Rb-Sr small slab ages of mimatitic gneisses, Ar-Ar hornblende ages of metabasites and Sm-Nd mineral isochron ages of eclogitic rocks in the underlying basement. This suggests that exhumation and cooling of this basement unit must have been active at rates of approximately 20 km and a few 100°C per million years. The silicic melts are interpreted to be of hybrid crust/mantle origin and their formation was most likely linked to these exhumation tectonics. A phase of mantle upwelling and heat advection into the crust is proposed to be the reason for this short-episodic magmatic pulse.
Keywords GraniteU-PbGeochronologyExhumationCrustal meltingVariscan
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Other version: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s005310050308
Research group Isotope Geochemistry, Geochronology and Thermochronology
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SCHALTEGGER, Urs. U-Pb geochronology of the Southern Black Forest Batholith (Central Variscan Belt): timing of exhumation and granite emplacement. In: International Journal of Earth Sciences, 2000, vol. 88, n° 4, p. 814-828. doi: 10.1007/s005310050308 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:28543

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Deposited on : 2013-06-12

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