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Title

Magmatic-to-hydrothermal crystallization in the W-Sn mineralized Mole Granite (NSW, Australia). Part I: Crystallization of zircon and REE-phosphates over three million years—a geochemical and U-Pb geochronological study

Authors
Pettke, Thomas
Audétat, Andreas
Reusser, Eric
Heinrich, Christoph A.
Published in Chemical Geology. 2005, vol. 220, no. 3-4, p. 215-235
Abstract Zircon, monazite and xenotime crystallized over a temperature interval of several hundred degrees at the magmatic to hydrothermal transition of the Sn and W mineralized Mole Granite. Magmatic zircon and monazite, thought to have crystallized from hydrous silicate melt, were dated by conventional U-Pb techniques at an age of 247.6F0.4 and 247.7F0.5 Ma, respectively. Xenotime occurring in hydrothermal quartz is found to be significantly younger at 246.2F0.5 Ma and is interpreted to represent hydrothermal growth. From associated fluid inclusions it is concluded that it precipitated from a hydrothermal brine V600 8C, which is below the accepted closure temperature for U-Pb in this mineral. These data are compatible with a two-stage crystallization process: precipitation of zircon and monazite as magmatic liquidus phases in deep crustal magma followed by complete crystallization and intimately associated Sn-W mineralization after intrusion of the shallow, sill-like body of the Mole Granite. Later hydrothermal formation of monazite in a biotite-fluorite-topaz reaction rim around a mineralized vein was dated at 244.4F1.4 Ma, which distinctly postdates the Mole Granite and is possibly related to a younger hidden intrusion and its hydrothermal fluid system. Obtaining precise age data for magmatic and hydrothermal minerals of the Mole Granite is hampered by uncertainties introduced by different corrections required for multiple highly radiogenic minerals crystallising from evolved hydrous granites, including 230Th disequilibrium due to Th/U fractionation during monazite and possibly xenotime crystallization, variable Th/U ratios of the fluids from which xenotime was precipitating, elevated contents of common lead, and post-crystallization lead loss in zircon, enhanced by the fluid-saturated environment. The data imply that monazite can also survive as a liquidus phase in protracted magmatic systems over periods of 106 years. The outlined model is in agreement with prominent chemical core-rim variation of the zircon.
Keywords Mole GraniteZirconMonaziteXenotimeU-Pb datingSn-W-mineralization
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Research group Isotope Geochemistry, Geochronology and Thermochronology
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SCHALTEGGER, Urs et al. Magmatic-to-hydrothermal crystallization in the W-Sn mineralized Mole Granite (NSW, Australia). Part I: Crystallization of zircon and REE-phosphates over three million years—a geochemical and U-Pb geochronological study. In: Chemical Geology, 2005, vol. 220, n° 3-4, p. 215-235. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:28446

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Deposited on : 2013-06-10

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