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Inflammatory and prothrombotic states in obese children of European descent

Stoppa-Vaucher, Sophie
Dirlewanger, Mirjam A
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Published in Obesity. 2012, vol. 20, no. 8, p. 1662-1668
Abstract Adipose tissue may release mediators that induce a chronic inflammatory state and alterations in coagulation, which contribute to insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and thrombosis. We investigated whether inflammatory and/or prothrombotic states exist in obese children and assessed their interrelationship. Sixty-one subjects were recruited, aged between 6 and 16 years, to participate in a cross-sectional study at Children's University Hospital of Geneva. Selected pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines and hemostasis parameters were measured in obese children and lean controls. Cardiovascular risk factors in the family were indexed. Fasting glucose level, insulin, prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), D-dimer, endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interferon-γ-inducible-protein (IP-10), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) were measured. We estimated insulin resistance by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA). Anti- (IL-1Ra) and proinflammatory cytokines (MCP-1, IL-6) were significantly increased in obese children in comparison to the control group, even before puberty. Hemostasis was also altered in obese children with a significantly increased fibrinogen level, increased D-dimer, a shortened PT, as well as an increased ETP. No correlation was found between cytokine levels and hemostasis parameters, except for IL-6 and fibrinogen. Obese children present with inflammatory and prothrombotic states as early as 6 years of age and these states are similar in prepubertal and pubertal obese children. The cytokines IL-1Ra and MCP-1 were most significantly increased in obese children. Further investigation is necessary to determine if these cytokines, together with ETP, can reliably predict the development of diabetes and atherosclerosis.
Keywords Adipose Tissue/metabolismAdolescentAtherosclerosis/blood/etiologyBlood Coagulation Disorders/blood/etiologyChildCross-Sectional StudiesCytokines/bloodEuropeEuropean Continental Ancestry GroupFemaleFibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/metabolismFibrinogen/metabolismHemostasisHumansInflammation/blood/etiologyInflammation Mediators/metabolismInsulin ResistanceInterleukin-5/bloodMaleObesity/blood/complicationsProthrombin TimeSwitzerlandThrombin/metabolismThrombosis/blood/etiology
PMID: 22484367
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Research groups Diabète et métabolisme (178)
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Epidémiologie clinique (115)
Etude de l'activation des monocytes/macrophages et des polynucléaires neutrophiles (779)
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STOPPA-VAUCHER, Sophie et al. Inflammatory and prothrombotic states in obese children of European descent. In: Obesity, 2012, vol. 20, n° 8, p. 1662-1668. doi: 10.1038/oby.2012.85 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:27942

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Deposited on : 2013-05-21

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