en
Scientific article
English

Density functional theory with an approximate kinetic energy functional applied to study structure and stability of weak van der Waals complexes

Published inThe Journal of chemical physics, vol. 108, no. 15, p. 6078-6083
Publication date1998
Abstract

In view of further application to the study of molecular and atomic sticking on dust particles, we investigated the capability of the "freeze-and-thaw" cycle of the Kohn–Sham equations with constrained electron density (KSCED) to describe potential energy surfaces of weak van der Waals complexes. We report the results obtained for C6H6[centered ellipsis]X (X = O2, N2, and CO) as test cases. In the KSCED formalism, the exchange-correlation functional is defined as in the Kohn–Sham approach whereas the kinetic energy of the molecular complex is expressed differently, using both the analytic expressions for the kinetic energy of individual fragments and the explicit functional of electron density to approximate nonadditive contributions. As the analytical form of the kinetic energy functional is not known, the approach relies on approximations. Therefore, the applied implementation of KSCED requires the use of an approximate kinetic energy functional in addition to the approximate exchange-correlation functional in calculations following the Kohn–Sham formalism. Several approximate kinetic energy functionals derived using a general form by Lee, Lee, and Parr [Lee et al., Phys. Rev. A. 44, 768 (1991)] were considered. The functionals of this type are related to the approximate exchange energy functionals and it is possible to derive a kinetic energy functional from an exchange energy functional without the use of any additional parameters. The KSCED interaction energies obtained using the PW91 [Perdew and Wang, in Electronic Structure of Solids '91, edited by P. Ziesche and H. Eschrig (Academie Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 11] exchange-correlation functional and the kinetic energy functional derived from the PW91 exchange functional agree very well with the available experimental results. Other considered functionals lead to worse results. Compared to the supermolecule Kohn–Sham interaction energies, the ones derived from the KSCED calculations depend less on the choice of the approximate functionals used. The presented KSCED results together with the previous Kohn–Sham ones [Weso[barred lower-case ell]owski et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 7818 (1997)] support the use of the PW91 functional for studies of weakly bound systems of our interest.

Keywords
  • Organic compounds
  • Oxygen
  • Nitrogen
  • Carbon compounds
  • Quasimolecules
  • Density functional theory
  • Potential energy surfaces
  • Molecular configurations
Citation (ISO format)
WESOLOWSKI, Tomasz Adam, ELLINGER, Yves, WEBER, Jacques. Density functional theory with an approximate kinetic energy functional applied to study structure and stability of weak van der Waals complexes. In: The Journal of chemical physics, 1998, vol. 108, n° 15, p. 6078–6083. doi: 10.1063/1.476018
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0021-9606
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