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Synthesis and structure of Ba7F12Cl2

Published in Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. 1999, vol. 625, no. 4, p. 643-649
Abstract Crystals of ordered and disordered Ba7F12Cl2 were prepared by flux growth and solid state reactions. These new structures were characterized by single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The disordered variant which shows disorder on one of the cation sites was obtained from a BaF2 + BaCl2 + NaCl/NaF flux. It has hexagonal space group P63/m (176) with one formula unit per unit cell. The lattice constants are a = b = 1059.55(5) pm and c = 420.10(4) pm (at 21 °C). The structure was refined to R(Rw) = 0.026(0.030) for 346 independent reflections and 26 parameters. Slow cooling of a mixture of BaF2 and LiCl yields the ordered variant. This one crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P6 (174) with one formula per unit cell. Lattice constants at 21 °C are a = b = 1063.46(2) pm and c = 417.52(1) pm. The structure was refined to R(Rw) = 0.017 (0.017) for 638 independent reflections and 45 parameters. The structural arrangement and the interatomic distances of the two variants are mutually similar. The barium atoms have coordination number nine. Propeller-type arrangements with a chloride ion on the axis and the fluoride ions as blades are observed. These latter ones are interconnected into channels' of tricapped fluoride prisms. Occupation disorder of the barium sites in the channels of the disordered variant makes the main difference between the two. An unexpectedly high X-ray density obtained for both variants of Ba7F12Cl2 can be correlated to the density of other barium fluorohalides having a coordination number of nine for the barium ion.
Keywords BariumFluoro-halidesDisordered structureX-ray single crystal and powder diffractionFlux and solid state synthesisFerroelectric monodomains
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Research group Groupe Bill
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KUBEL, Frank, BILL, Hans, HAGEMANN, Hans-Rudolf. Synthesis and structure of Ba7F12Cl2. In: Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 1999, vol. 625, n° 4, p. 643-649. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2732

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Deposited on : 2009-09-21

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