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The carboxyl terminal domain regulates the unitary conductance and voltage dependence of connexin40 gap junction channels

Anumonwo, J M
Taffet, S M
Gu, H
Moreno, A P
Delmar, M
Published in Circulation Research. 2001, vol. 88, no. 7, p. 666-73
Abstract Chemical regulation of connexin (Cx) 40 and Cx43 follows a ball-and-chain model, in which the carboxyl terminal (CT) domain acts as a gating particle that binds to a receptor affiliated with the pore. Moreover, Cx40 channels can be closed by a heterodomain interaction with the CT domain of Cx43 and vice versa. Here, we report similar interactions in the establishment of the unitary conductance and voltage-dependent profile of Cx40 in N2A cells. Two mean unitary conductance values ("lower conductance" and "main") were detected in wild-type Cx40. Truncation of the CT domain at amino acid 248 (Cx40tr248) caused the disappearance of the lower-conductance state. Coexpression of Cx40tr248 with the CT fragment of either Cx40 (homodomain interactions) or Cx43 (heterodomain interactions) rescued the unitary conductance profile of Cx40. In the N2A cells, the time course of macroscopic junctional current relaxation was best described by a biexponential function in the wild-type Cx40 channels, but it was reduced to a single-exponential function after truncation. However, macroscopic junctional currents recorded in the oocyte expression system were not significantly different between the wild-type and mutant channels. Concatenation of the CT domain of Cx43 to amino acids 1 to 248 of Cx40 yielded a chimeric channel with unitary conductance and voltage-gating profile indistinguishable from that of wild-type Cx40. We conclude that residence of Cx40 channels in the lower-conductance state involves a ball-and-chain type of interaction between the CT domain and the pore-forming region. This interaction can be either homologous (Cx40 truncation with Cx40CT) or heterologous (with the Cx43CT).
Keywords AnimalsCells, CulturedConnexin 43/geneticsConnexins/genetics/metabolismElectrophysiologyGap Junctions/metabolismGene ExpressionHydrogen-Ion ConcentrationIon Channel Gating/genetics/physiologyMiceNeuroblastoma/metabolismOocytes/cytology/metabolismPatch-Clamp TechniquesProtein Structure, Tertiary/genetics/physiologyRecombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics/metabolismTransfectionXenopus
PMID: 11304488
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Research group Mucoviscidose et jonctions GAP (229)
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ANUMONWO, J M et al. The carboxyl terminal domain regulates the unitary conductance and voltage dependence of connexin40 gap junction channels. In: Circulation Research, 2001, vol. 88, n° 7, p. 666-73. doi: 10.1161/hh0701.088833 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:27037

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Deposited on : 2013-03-26

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