en
Scientific article
English

Defective regulation of gap junctional coupling in cystic fibrosis pancreatic duct cells

Published inThe Journal of clinical investigation, vol. 103, no. 12, p. 1677-1684
Publication date1999
Abstract

The cystic fibrosis (CF) gene encodes a cAMP-gated Cl- channel (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator [CFTR]) that mediates fluid transport across the luminal surfaces of a variety of epithelial cells. We have previously shown that gap junctional communication and Cl- secretion were concurrently regulated by cAMP in cells expressing CFTR. To determine whether intercellular communication and CFTR-dependent secretion are related, we have compared gap junctional coupling in a human pancreatic cell line harboring the DeltaF508 mutation in CFTR and in the same cell line in which the defect was corrected by transfection with wild-type CFTR. Both cell lines expressed connexin45 (Cx45), as evidenced by RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry, and dual patch-clamp recording. Exposure to agents that elevate intracellular cAMP or specifically activate protein kinase A evoked Cl- currents and markedly increased junctional conductance of CFTR-expressing pairs, but not in the parental cells. The latter effect, which was caused by an increase in single-channel activity but not in unitary conductance of Cx45 channels, was not prevented by exposing CFTR-expressing cells to a Cl- channel blocker. We conclude that expression of functional CFTR restored the cAMP-dependent regulation of junctional conductance in CF cells. Direct intercellular communication coordinates multicellular activity in tissues that are major targets of CF manifestations. Consequently, defective regulation of gap junction channels may contribute to the altered functions of tissues affected in CF.

Keywords
  • Cell Communication/drug effects/genetics/physiology
  • Chloride Channels/metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP/pharmacology
  • Cystic Fibrosis/metabolism/pathology
  • Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/biosynthesis/genetics/physiology
  • Gap Junctions/drug effects/pathology/physiology
  • Humans
  • Pancreatic Ducts/drug effects/pathology/physiology
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
Citation (ISO format)
CHANSON, Marc, SCERRI, Isabelle, SUTER, Susanne. Defective regulation of gap junctional coupling in cystic fibrosis pancreatic duct cells. In: The Journal of clinical investigation, 1999, vol. 103, n° 12, p. 1677–1684. doi: 10.1172/JCI5645
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0021-9738
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