Scientific article
Open access

Local moderate magnetically induced hyperthermia using an implant formed in situ in a mouse tumor model

Published inInternational journal of hyperthermia, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 229-239
Publication date2009

Purpose: We investigate a new heat delivery technique for the local treatment of solid tumors. The technique involves injecting a formulation that solidifies to form an implant in situ. This implant entraps superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) embedded in silica microbeads for magnetically induced moderate hyperthermia. Particle entrapment prevents phagocytosis and distant migration of SPIONs. The implant can be repeatedly heated by magnetic induction. Methods: We evaluated heating and treatment efficacies by means of thermometry and survival studies in nude mice carrying subcutaneous human colocarcinomas. At day 1, we injected the formulation into the tumor. At day 2, a single 20-min hyperthermia treatment was delivered by 141-kHz magnetic induction using field strengths of 9 to 12 mT under thermometry. Results: SPIONs embedded in silica microbeads were effectively confined within the implant at the injection site. Heat-induced necro-apoptosis was assessed by histology on day 3. On average, 12 mT resulted in tumor temperature of 47.8 degrees C, and over 70% tumor necrosis that correlated to the heat dose (AUC = 282 degrees C.min). In contrast, a 9-mT field strength induced tumoral temperature of 40 degrees C (AUC = 131 degrees C.min) without morphologically identifiable necrosis. Survival after treatment with 10.5 or 12 mT fields was significantly improved compared to non-implanted and implanted controls. Median survival times were 27 and 37 days versus 12 and 21 days respectively. Conclusion: Five of eleven mice (45%) of the 12 mT group survived one year without any tumor recurrence, holding promise for tumor therapy using magnetically induced moderate hyperthermia through injectable implants.

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Colonic Neoplasms/therapy
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced/methods
  • Implants, Experimental
  • Iron/administration & dosage
  • Magnetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Microspheres
  • Nanoparticles
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Oxides/administration & dosage
  • Silicon Dioxide
Citation (ISO format)
LE RENARD, Pol-Edern et al. Local moderate magnetically induced hyperthermia using an implant formed in situ in a mouse tumor model. In: International journal of hyperthermia, 2009, vol. 25, n° 3, p. 229–239. doi: 10.1080/02656730802713557
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal0265-6736

Technical informations

Creation09/15/2009 3:06:00 PM
First validation09/15/2009 3:06:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 3:11:41 PM
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