Scientific article

Synaptic plasticity and addiction: learning mechanisms gone awry

Published inNeuropharmacology, vol. 61, no. 7, p. 1052-1059
Publication date2011

Experience-dependent changes in synaptic strength, or synaptic plasticity, may underlie many learning processes. In the reward circuit for example, synaptic plasticity may serve as a cellular substrate for goal-directed behaviors. Addictive drugs, through a surge of dopamine released from neurons of the ventral tegmental area, induce widespread synaptic adaptations within this neuronal circuit. Such drug-evoked synaptic plasticity may constitute an early cellular mechanism eventually causing compulsive drug-seeking behavior in some drug users. In the present review we will discuss how different classes of addictive drugs cause an increase of dopamine release and describe their effects on synapses within the mesolimbic dopamine system. We will emphasize the early synaptic changes in the ventral tegmental area common to all additive drugs and go on to show how these adaptations may reorganize neuronal circuits, eventually leading to behaviors that define addiction.

  • Animals
  • Cocaine/adverse effects
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders/physiopathology
  • Dopamine/metabolism
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors/adverse effects
  • Drug-Seeking Behavior
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Neuronal Plasticity/drug effects
  • Neurons/drug effects/metabolism
  • Substance-Related Disorders/physiopathology
  • Ventral Tegmental Area/drug effects/physiology/physiopathology
Citation (ISO format)
MAMELI, Manuel, LUESCHER, Christian. Synaptic plasticity and addiction: learning mechanisms gone awry. In: Neuropharmacology, 2011, vol. 61, n° 7, p. 1052–1059. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.01.036
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1873-7064

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