en
Scientific article
French

Le traitement chirurgical du lymphangiome kystique abdominal chez l'adulte et chez l'enfant

Published inJournal de chirurgie, vol. 145, no. 3, p. 238-243
Publication date2008
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cystic lymphangioma is a rare malformative benign tumor of the lymphatic vessels. In the abdomen it generally develops as a mesenteric and/or retroperitoneal cyst, but any organ can be involved. The present retrospective study aims to define the symptoms, complications and differences noted between adults and children suffering from abdominal cystic lymphangioma; it is based on patients who underwent surgery for this condition at the Geneva University Hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since 1995, 16 patients (9 adults and 7 children) were surgically treated for abdominal cystic lymphangioma. Their medical files were reviewed retrospectively. The follow-up was based either on the last physical examination or on a telephone interview with the patients. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 45 months. The most common presenting symptom was abdominal pain (38%). Ultrasonography was the most efficacious diagnostic modality. The lesions were mostly micropolycystic (44%), and found in retroperitoneal locations (50%). The surgical excision was complete in 14 patients and partial in 2 patients. These last 2 were the only ones who developed complications after the surgery, including one recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: A total surgical excision, if feasible without a major sacrifice of adjacent organs, seems to be the best therapeutic option to minimize the risk of recurrence of symptomatic abdominal cystic lymphangiomas. In our clinical experience, the presentation and evolution of the abdominal cystic lymphangioma seemed to be similar in adults and children.

Keywords
  • Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lymphangioma, Cystic/surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
Citation (ISO format)
BEZZOLA, Thierry et al. Le traitement chirurgical du lymphangiome kystique abdominal chez l’adulte et chez l’enfant. In: Journal de chirurgie, 2008, vol. 145, n° 3, p. 238–243. doi: 10.1016/S0021-7697(08)73752-9
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ISSN of the journal0021-7697
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